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Ararat

4.7
Ararat, is a town in the Ararat Province of Armenia, located on the Yerevan-Nakhchivan highway, 42km southeast of the capital Yerevan and 19km south of the provincial centre Artashat. In the 2011 census, the population of the town was 20,235. As per the 2016 official estimate, the population is around 20,300.EtymologyThe town was officially named Ararat in 1947 after the nearby biblical Mountains of Ararat. Ararat is most likely the Hebrew spelling of Urartu, a kingdom that existed in the Armenian plateau in the 9th–6th centuries BC.HistoryThe foundation of the Ararat cement was launched in 1927 within Soviet Armenia, accompanied with the construction of few residential apartments to accommodate the workers. In 1930, the settlement was officially formed as a labour accommodation area, while the cement plant gave its first production in 1933. In 1935, the settlement was enlarged with the inclusion of the surrounding rural areas. In 1947, it was officially named Ararat after the nearby biblical Mountains of Ararat.With the establishment of several industrial plant, Ararat was developed as an major industrial centre of the Armenian SSR, to become an urban-type settlement. Due to its rapid growth and the gradual increase of the population, Ararat was given the status of a town in 1962. In 1972, it became a city of Republican subordination.
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