Halidzor Fortress, Kapan

#1 of 8 in Things to do in Kapan
The fortress of Halidzor is along a hill overlooking the Voghji River to the north, near the village of Kapan, which is 1km southwest in the Syunik Province of Armenia. Halidzor Fortress is 1051m above sea level.
Halidzor was originally built in the 17th century to serve as a nunnery. It later served as a fortress for the Melik Parsadanian family for a short time.
During the 18th century, the famous Armenian military commander and liberator David Bek and his chief lieutenant and successor Mkhitar Sparapet used the site as their main headquarters as well as an administrative center for Syunik in their fight against the forces of the Ottoman Empire and the Persians. Between 1723 and 1727, Bek along with 300 other soldiers, 13 bishops, and three priests defended the fortress in a seven-day siege from an invading army of 70,000 Ottoman Turks. The defensive nature of the location gave Bek's soldiers an advantage when fighting the enemy, but the siege left the defenders of the fortress weary with little food. Feeling that they were trapped and outnumbered he led a suicidal charge down the hill that terrified the invading army. The Turks hastily fled the area purportedly leaving 12,000 enemy soldiers dead on the field below.
David Bek later died at the fortress after coming down with an illness in 1728. Oral tradition tells that after his death, an elderly bishop from Tatev came and held a very large funeral service in his honor. Bek is reputedly buried in the cemetery just outside the fortress walls. The tombstone is said to have a single flower carved on its underside so that the enemy would not recognize that it is the leader's final resting place.
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Halidzor Fortress Reviews
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12 reviews
  • #Syunik province of #Armenia is famous only with two #sights - #Tatev monastery and #Karahunj. Nevertheless, far from these two places, in the town named #Kapan there are other sights worth to visit. ...  more »
  • Once you reach Kapan city, look for a sign for a psychiatric hospital on the other side of the highway. There you start your rather long climb up through the forest. After hiking up a little bit you r...  more »
  • Beautiful place
  • Late middle age fortress with 2 christian temples in unique for Syunik province architecture. Great views, hard to reach.
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