The National Theatre in Prague is known as the alma mater of Czech opera, and as the national monument of Czech history and art.
The National Theatre belongs to the most important Czech cultural institutions, with a rich artistic tradition, which helped to preserve and develop the most important features of the nation–the Czech language and a sense for a Czech musical and dramatic way of thinking.
Today the National Theatre consists of three artistic ensembles: opera, ballet and drama. They alternate in their performances in the historic building of the National Theatre, in the Theatre of the Estates and in the Kolowrat Theatre. All three artistic ensembles select their repertoire both from classical heritage, and modern authors.
The cornerstone of the National Theatre was laid on 16 May 1868, but the idea of building a theatre dates back to the autumn of 1844 at the gatherings of patriots in Prague. An application was submitted by František Palacký to the Provincial Committee of the Czech Assembly on 29 January 1845, requesting "the privilege of constructing, furnishing, maintaining and managing" of an independent Czech theatre. The application was granted in April 1845, but it was not until six years later – in April 1851 – that the founding Society for the Establishment of a Czech National Theatre in Prague made the first public appeal to start a collection. A year later the proceeds went toward the purchase of land belonging to a former salt works covering an area of not quite 28acre which determined the magnificent site of the theatre on the banks of the river Vltava facing the panorama of Prague Castle, but at the same time the cramped area and trapezium shape posed challenging problems for the designers of the building.
To visit National Theater on your trip to Prague, use our Prague trip planner.
Tours To National Theater
Full-Day Prague Tour with Vltava River Cruise, Prague Castle and Lunch BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $57
Duration: 7 hours
Prague Night Tour and River Vltava Dinner Cruise BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $63
Duration: 3 hours 30 minutes
Prague E-Scooter Tour: Grand City Tour BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $44
Duration: 90 to 180 minutes
National Theater Reviews
Highly recommended. Beautiful building. I went to the opera Macbeth. The prices are so good in such a beautiful place. more »
We take a tickets to the Christmas Nutcraker ballet! It was HORRIBLE! No ballet, but travesty show with no culture. No anything look likes Nutcracker of Chaikovsky.!!!! more »
Excellent piece of architecture. Plenty of space for spectators and one of biggest stages in this part of Europe. Great acoustics and visibility. The small deficiency is lack of space in front of the main entrance as it goes directly to the Národní Třída. It is truly a place where you can immerse yourself in the magic world of Art.
The must and want to see landmark of Prague. Beautiful building in the old town, near the river On special occasions there let visitors to attend the rooftop, if you can do not miss. And if you have more time, go and get the tickets. Either for ballet or opera. Most of the plays have even an English subtitles
Places to stay near National Theater
Plan your trip to Prague
Get a personalized planA complete day-by-day itinerary
based on your preferences
Customize itRefine your plan. We'll find the
best routes and schedules
Book itChoose from the best hotels
and activities. Up to 50% off
Manage itEverything in one place.
Everyone on the same page.
View all ›
View all ›
Hidden gems in Prague
View all ›
View all ›
Nearby attractions in Prague
Plans to National Theater by other users
7 days in Czech Republic BY A USER FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES January, kids, popular sights PREFERENCES: January, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 15 days in Czech Republic BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES January, popular sights PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 14 days in Milan, Prague & Amsterdam BY A USER FROM IRAN September, kids, popular sights PREFERENCES: September, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 27 days in Czech Republic & Austria BY A USER FROM ROMANIA September, popular sights PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 22 days in Germany, Vienna & Prague BY A USER FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES June, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular sights PREFERENCES: June, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 37 days in Europe BY A USER FROM INDIA March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular sights PREFERENCES: March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium