Russell trip planner
Create a fully customized
day-by-day itinerary for free
Trip Planner : South Pacific / New Zealand / North Island / Northland Region / Bay of Islands / Russell
Russell, formerly known as Kororāreka, was the first permanent European settlement and sea port in New Zealand. It is situated in the Bay of Islands, in the far north of the North Island. As at the 2006 Census it had a resident population of 816, an increase of 12 from 2001. Much of the accommodation in the area consists of holiday homes or tourist accommodation.HistoryWhen European and American ships began visiting New Zealand in the early 1800s, the indigenous Māori quickly recognised there were great advantages in trading with these strangers, whom they called tauiwi. The Bay of Islands offered a safe anchorage and had a large Māori population. To attract ships, Māori began to supply food and timber. What Māori wanted was respect, plus firearms, alcohol, and other goods of European manufacture.Kororāreka developed as a result of this trade but soon earned a very bad reputation, a community without laws and full of prostitution, and became known as the "Hell Hole of the Pacific", despite the translation of its name being "How sweet is the penguin", (korora meaning blue penguin and reka meaning sweet). European law had no influence and Māori law was seldom enforced within the town's area. Fighting on the beach at Kororāreka in March 1830, between northern and southern hapū within the Ngāpuhi iwi, became known as the Girls’ War.On 30 January 1840 at the Christ Church, Governor Hobson read his Proclamations (which were the beginnings of the Treaty of Waitangi) in the presence of a number of settlers and the Maori chief, Moka Te Kainga-mataa. A document confirming what had happened was signed at this time by around forty witnesses; including Moka, the only Maori signatory. The following week, the Treaty proceedings would then move across to the Western side of the bay to Waitangi. Russell is in Bay of Islands. Add Russell and other destinations in New Zealand to your travel plans using our New Zealand trip itinerary maker website.
Create a full itinerary — for free!
Plan your trip to Russell
Get a personalized planA complete day-by-day itinerary
based on your preferences
Customize itRefine your plan. We'll find the
best routes and schedules
Book itChoose from the best hotels
and activities. Up to 50% off
Manage itEverything in one place.
Everyone on the same page.
Top Russell tours
Bay of Islands: Full Day Tour from Auckland BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $165
Duration: 12 hours
Cape Reinga and 90 Mile Beach Tour from Bay of Islands BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $102
Duration: 11 hours
See all ›
Side trips from Russell
Hidden gems in Russell
Wildlife in Russell
Historic Sites in Russell
Kid-friendly things to do in Russell
Places to visit with Russell
Recently planned trips to Russell
22 days in North Island BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Bay of Islands BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA February, popular sights PREFERENCES: February ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 3 days in Russell BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA May, popular sights PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Bay of Islands BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND May, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, slow & easy, popular sights PREFERENCES: May, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Slow & easy 15 days in New Zealand BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA February, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, wildlife, slow & easy, popular sights PREFERENCES: February, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Slow & easy 15 days in Auckland, Russell & Kerikeri BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA June, popular sights PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium